Everyday Chinese
1. Phonetic knowledge:
    Initials and finals
    Tones
    Tonal Change
2. Initial-Final Combinations
3. Greetings
4. Placing an Order
5. Attending Class 6. Making Inquiries
7. Shopping 8. About Time
 
 
上课  Attending Class
(Click the links to listen. All tone marks here show the actual tones.)
 
1. Vocabulary 2. Dialogue 3. Sentence Patterns
 

Yī 
一、

Cíhuì 
词汇 

 
Vocabulary 

 

同学

tóngxué

classmate/ schoolmate/ student

jiào

to call/ to be called

shì

to be

jiāo

to teach

汉语

Hànyǔ

Chinese language

老师

lǎoshī

teacher

lái

to come

多久

duōjiǔ

how long

tiān

day

以前

yǐqián

before

xué

to learn

没有

méiyǒu

do not have

机会

jīhuì

chance

今天

jīntiān

today

有课

yǒukè

have class(es)/ lesson(s)

上午

shàngwǔ

in the morning

第一节课

dì-yī jié kè

the first lesson

几点

jídiǎn

what time/ when

谢谢

xièxie

thank you

cóng 

from

对不起

duìbuqǐ

sorry

迟到

chídào

to be late

to go

 
Notes:
In Putonghua, there are a number of syllables that lose their original tones and are pronounced soft and short. Such syllables are known as neutral tone syllables and are identified by the absence of tone marks, e.g. "xièxie", "duìbuqǐ".
 
Èr Duìhuà
二 、对话
    Dialogue
 
( 一 )

A : 

Tóngxuémen 
同学们

hǎo,
好,

wǒ 
我 

jiào

 

Yáng Yún,
杨  云,

              Hello everyone, my name is Yang Yun. I am a Chinese language teacher.

 

B : 

Lǎoshī 
老师 

nín 
您 

hǎo, 
好, 

wǒ 
我 

jiào 

Àilìsī, 
艾丽斯,
wǒ 
             Hello teacher, my name is Alice. I am American.

 

A : 


你 

lái 
来 

Xiānggǎng 
香港 

duōjiǔ 
多久 

le? 
了? 

 

             How long have you been in Hong Kong?  

 

B : 


我 

lái 
来 

Xiānggǎng 
香港 

qī 
七 

tiān 
天 

le. 
了。 

 

              I have been in Hong Kong for seven days.

 

A : 

Nǐ 
你 

yǐqián 
以前 

xuéguò 
学过 

Zhōngwén 
中文 

mɑ? 

 

             Have you studied Chinese before?

 

B : 

Méiyǒu, 
没有, 

yīzhí 
一直 

méiyǒu
没有 

jīhuì. 
机会

 

              No, I've never had the chance.

 

 


( )

 

A : 


jīntiān 
今天 

yǒu 
有 

kè 
课 

mɑ? 
吗? 

 

 

          Do you have class today?

 

 

B : 


jīntiān 
今天 

shàngwú 
上午 

yǒu 
有 

kè. 
课。 


 

   I have class this morning.

 

 

A : 

Dìyī
第一 

jié 
节 

kè 
课 

shì 
是 

jí 
几 

diǎn? 
点? 


 

  What time does the first class start?

 

 

B : 

Dì-yī 
第一 

jié 
节 

kè 
课 

shì 
是 

zǎoshɑng 
早上 

jiúdiǎn. 
九点 

 

  The first class is at nine in the morning.

 

 

A : 

Hǎo 
好 

de,
的, 

xièxie! 
谢谢!

 

   Great, thank you!

 

 

Sān 
Jùxíng 
句型
yǔ 
tìhuɑn
替换    
   Sentence patterns and pr actice phrases


1. 

Wǒ 
我(1) 

shì 
是 

cóng 
从 

Měiguó 
美国(2) 

láide. 
来的。 

 

 

  I am from the United States.

 

(1)

(2)

我们

wǒmen

we

中国

Zhōngguó

China

她/他

she/he

日本

Rìběn

Japan

她们/他们

tāmen

they (female)/ (male)

加拿大

Jiānádà

Canada

你/你们

nǐ/
nǐmen

you (singular)/ (plural)

澳洲

Àozhōu

Australia








 

           

2. 

Wǒ 
我 

jīntiān 
今天(1) 

shàngwú 
上午(2)

yǒu 
有 

kè. 
课 。

 

 

  I have class this morning.

 

(1)

(2)

昨天

zuótiān

yesterday

早上

zǎoshɑng

morning

明天

míngtiān

tomorrow

中午

zhōngwǔ

noon

后天

hòutiān

day after tomorrow

下午

xiàwǔ

afternoon

大后天

dàhòutiān

3 days from now

晚上

wǎnshɑng

evening/night

 

 

 

 

 

           

3. 

Wǒ 
我 

shì 
是 

xué 
学 

Yīngyǔ 
英語

de.

 

 

  I study English.

 

(1)

(2)

日语

Rìyǔ

Japanese

法律

Fǎlǜ

Law

法語

Fáyǔ

French

工商管理

Gōngshāng Guánlǐ

Business Administration

经济

Jīngjì

Economics

文学

Wénxué

Literature

Medicine

历史

Lìshǐ

History

音乐

Yīnyuè

Music

艺术

Yìshù

Art

 

 

 

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

4. 

Duìbuqǐ, 
对不起, 

wǒ 
我 

chídào 
迟到 

le.
了。

Wǒ 
我 

qù 
去 

kànbìng 
看病 

le. 
了。

 

 

  Sorry I am late. I had to see a doctor.

 

吃饭

chīfàn

to have lunch/ dinner

书店

shūdiàn

bookstore

看电影

kàn diànyǐng

at the movies

机场

jīchǎng

the airport

游泳

yóuyǒng

swimming

The Independent Learning Centre, 1/F United College Wu Chung Library,
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