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  • 批判性思考
  • 壓力管理


Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Learning and Your Life

Critical thinking is a notion that is often talked about but has remained elusive for those wanting to define it. This book is a good attempt at shedding light on this trendy topic.
Topics covered include: knowing oneself, asking the right questions, irrationality, bias, manipulation, and ethics. Of special interest are the section titled "44 foul ways to win an argument", which describes 'dirty tricks' used by the less honest, and the "glossary of critical thinking terms and concepts", which will appeal to the intellectually curious.

Critical Thinking

We might believe fake news, draw incorrect conclusions, and make decisions based on emotion rather than reason. Viewing critical thinking from philosophy, psychology, and science, this newest edition explains how the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be learned and assessed. It is, for sure, a great book for your personal growth.
Highlights include "John Dewey" (in ch. 1), Components of critical thinking (ch. 2), "Can critical thinking be taught?" (in ch. 3) and "Can critical thinking be assessed?" (in ch. 3).

Getting Things Done: The Art of Stress-Free Productivity

This book by David Allen is an absolute classic in the area of time management. It adopts a no-nonsense approach to the topic and offers a lot of hands-on advice.
Interesting sections in the book include: "Managing E-mail-Based Workflow"; "Updating Your System"; and "Why Bright People Procrastinate the Most". Here are some specific advice about how to be efficient: "The categories [of things to organize] must be kept visually, physically, and psychologically separate. / If you put reference materials in the same pile as things you still want to read, for example, you'll go numb to the stack." "[A]ll you really need is lists and folders." "The dark side of 'collaborative cultures' is the allergy they foster to holding anyone responsible for having the ball."

Don't Sweat the Small Stuff at Work: Simple Ways to Minimize Stress and Conflict

This book by Richard Carlson is a series of 100 vignette-like chapters, each about a different aspect of managing one’s psyche at work.
The chapters have largely self-explanatory titles: Don't Keep People Waiting; Avoid Comments that Are Likely to Lead to Gossip or Unwanted Chatter; Don't Sweat Your Critics.

Managing Anxiety with Mindfulness for Dummies

This book, which offers an interesting intersection between anxiety and mindfulness, starts out with explaining anxiety and the different forms it can take. It then proceeds to simple and quick mindfulness exercises. Each chapter delves progressively deeper into the topic of mindfulness, with two summary chapters, titled "Ten Simple Mindfulness Exercises for Managing Anxiety" and "Ten Mindful Attitudes for Easing Anxiety", at the end. Mindfulness may not attract everyone, but for those wanting to know more about the topic, this book will serve as a gentle introduction.

Principles and Practice of Stress Management

This work approaches the topic of stress management from an academic angle, for those interested in the topic from a psychological perspective.
The bulk of the book goes over different methods of stress management: muscle relaxation; hypnotic methods; biofeedback; breathing retraining and exercise; methods based on Eastern meditative and therapeutic disciplines; cognitive methods; and other methods. Despite its serious appearance, the book is full of specific, practical information, going into plenty of detail.



本書共分十一章,作者以直接顯明的方式,向讀者介紹各種批判思考技巧。其中第三章主要講解不同的推理模式(頁43 - 60),由最基本的個別推理,到較複雜的連鎖、共同推理,都有清楚的說明。而第八章則重點探討演繹方法的有效性(頁139 - 160),說明評估推論和論證的不同標準,以及如何判定推論是否確切無疑。書後另附有練習問題,讀者可藉此磨練各種批判思考技巧,提高思辨能力。


全書分為十三章,內容涵蓋議論、結論、理由、假設、推理、證據等運用批判思考時必須注意的重要元素。當中第四章(頁69 - 91)主要講述如何檢查、確定語義不清的陳述,避免推論落入曖昧不明的困境。第十章則探討對立成因的問題(頁209 - 233),介紹分辨「唯一成因」與「某一成因」的方法。書中另附有練習及答案範例,讀者如能逐一完成,自能有效提高個人的批判思考能力。


本書分為十二章,協助讀者檢視個人壓力來源,並尋找適合自己的減壓方式,化壓力為動力。其中第二章(頁39 - 64)主要說明壓力適應的概念,以及各種應對壓力的策略,並附有評量表,讓讀者認識自己應對壓力的表現。第九章(頁199 - 226)則重點討論時間管理,如時間管理的障礙與原則等,以便營造低壓力的生活環境。書末另附參考書目,讀者如希望更深入了解個別問題,可從中尋找延伸閱讀材料。


全書共分九章,協助大學生在可能面對學業、家庭、生活等方面的難題下,做好壓力管理。其中第三章(頁65 - 86)主要講述壓力管理的個別方案,對何謂抗壓性、壓力管理的途徑與方案等問題,說明尤為詳明。而第八章(頁151 - 170)則重點談論正向思考,介紹吸引力法則與正向語言等技巧,協助讀者以樂觀心態面對壓力。書中另附有大量案例與習題,讀者如多作參考,當更能有效地管理個人壓力。







  • 「外物之味,久則可厭;讀書之味,愈久愈深。」


  • 「書就是風。讀了很多書,大風就來了。你像風箏,順勢而起,便往天空遠處飛去,讀越多,風越大;飛得越高,看得越遠。」


  • 「書山有路勤為徑,學海無涯苦作舟。」

  • 「立身以立學為先,立學以讀書為本。」


  • 「善讀者日攻、日掃。攻則直透重圍,掃則了無一物。 」


  • 「(任何一個人,都必須養成自學的習慣,即使是今天在學校的學生,也要養成自學的習慣,因為遲早總要離開學校的!)自學,就是一種獨立學習,獨立思考的能力。行路,還是要靠行路人自己。」


  • 「敏而好學,不恥下問 。」


  • 「喜愛讀書,就等於把生活中寂寞無聊的時光換成巨大享受的時刻。」


  • 「讀書應自己思索,自己做主。」


  • 「善學者盡其理,善行者究其難。 」


  • 「人若志趣不遠,心不在焉,雖學無成。 」


  • 「不要把學問看做是用來裝飾的王冠,也不要把學問看做是用來擠奶的奶牛。」


  • 「遠行要假良朋,數數清於耳目;住止必須擇伴,時時聞於未聞。故雲:「生我者父母,成我者朋友。」親附善者,如霧露中行,雖不濕衣,時時有潤。」


  • 「寫作可以使一天中,工作的二、三小時,化為更有意味的二、三小時。」


  • 「寫作,最終是一連串允許你以某些特定方式來表達自己的過程。去創造。去跳躍。去飛翔。去掉落。去發現你自己獨樹一格的敘述方式和堅持;也就是讓你找到內在的自由。」

    ——Susan Sontag

  • 「有時候我想,天堂一定是一場永不疲倦的閱讀。」

    ——Virginia Woolf